Geography of Khopoli

Geography of Khopoli
Khopoli, the small industrial town of Maharashtra, is placed at the south eastern border of the Raigad district, on the Mumbai - Bangalore National Highway. A part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, Khopoli is a developed region with many industrial plants across the region. The proximity of the place to Mumbai has worked as an important development index of the place. The entire Khopoli region falls under three Indian postal pin code zones which are Khopoli (410203), Khopoli Power House (410204) and Jagdish Nagar (410216). The STD code of Khopoli town is 02192.

Exactly placed at 18°79' N latitude, 73°35'W longitude, Khopoli is a part of the Khalapur taluk of Maharashtra and is about 76 metres above the mean sea level.  The town of Khopoli is placed on the Sahyadri Mountain near the Bor Pass, approximately 1600 feet below Khandala. The rugged terrain which comprises of the hilly tracks and the underlying valley has made Khopoli and Karjat region suitable for hydro-electric power projects. Moreover, this uneven landscape had its unfavourable effect on agriculture. This region is absolutely unsuitable for natural vegetation and farming. Thus most of the expanse around Khopoli town is barren land with sparse forests. The overall topography is pleasant with ample scenic beauty comprising of hilly tracks, plain lands, lakes and rivers.

Climate of Khopoli

The town of Khopoli along with its surrounding territory by and large is guided by tropical climate with a significant amount of rainfall throughout the year. Due to its location on the Sahyadri Mountain, rainfall is witnessed in almost all months of the year with a very short dry season. The region is never too hot and has a humid moderate temperature. The summer season is short ranging between March and May, during which temperature rises to a maximum of 30.5 degree Celsius in May. January is supposed to be the coldest month with temperature falling to 23.2 degree Celsius. The average annual temperature of Khopoli lies at 26.8 degree Celsius. Rainfall is recorded at an average annual rate of 4187mm. January is the driest month with zero precipitation while July being the wettest month with precipitation level of 1695mm.

The best time to visit Khopoli are during the period of December to February, when the place is relatively dry and cool. Tourists must carry light woolens and jackets to avoid the evening chill. Umbrella or raincoats are a must for people on a trip to the place.

Demography of Khopoli

As per 2011 Census of India, Khopoli had a population of around 71141, with male inhabitant percentage of 53% and female comprising of 47% of the total population. As per report 37,305 are males while 33,836 are females. The scheduled caste comprises of 9.45% and scheduled tribes are of 4.31% of the total Khopoli population.  The average literacy rate of Khopoli is 74%, which is higher than the Indian national average literacy rate of 59.5%. The male population has a literacy rate of 91.56% and female literacy rate is 83.27%. 11.64% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Rivers and Reservoir of Khopoli

Geography of KhopoliPatalganga is the main river which flows through the Khopoli region with its multiple tributaries, finally forming a wide estuary near Dharam Creek. An oval shaped reservoir built of solid black rock is the main water reserve of the region.

This reservoir was built during the minister ship of Mr. Nana Phadnis, who built this tank to solve the water problem of the area. This reservoir has a circumference of about 3/4th of a mile, with stone steps leading to the water.

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